Posted: 2019-12-09 16:01:09 Views: 5
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Fuling County is located in the central and eastern part of Henan Province, with a longitude of 114 ° 02 ′ ~ 114 ° 19 ′ and a latitude of 33 ° 46 ′ ~ 34 ° 14 ′. It is adjacent to Fugou County in the east, Xihua County in the south, Weishi County in the north, Lintong County in the southwest, and Changge City in the northwest. It is 57.5 kilometers long from north to south and 20.87 kilometers wide from east to west, with a total area of 871.6 square kilometers. The county town of Anling is 110 kilometers northwest of Zhengzhou, the provincial capital, 70 kilometers from Xinzheng International Airport, 80 kilometers from Kaifeng in the north, 36 kilometers from Xuchang, Beijing-Guangzhou Railway, 30 kilometers from Beijing-Zhuhai Expressway, and 70 kilometers from Luohe to the southwest. It is 70 kilometers southeast of Zhoukou City.
Fuling County has a sub-temperate monsoon climate. There are four distinct seasons throughout the year. The climate is characterized by arid and windy springs, hot and concentrated rainfall in summers, sunny and fresh autumns, and cold and dry winters.
Fuling County is located in the hinterland of the North China Plain, which is an alluvial plain formed by flooding of the Yellow River and Shuangyu River. The terrain in the territory is high in the northwest and low in the southeast, and slowly slopes from the northwest to the southeast. The slope of the ground is 1/30000 ~ 1/80000, the altitude is 50m ~ 65m (74m in individual hills), and the relative height is 15m.
The area north of Shuangyu River in Fuling County is the loess hills and yellow pan-sandy soil areas alluvially formed by the Yellow River and the Shuangyu River. It is northeast, and the band-shaped dunes formed by wind after the yellow pan are mostly north-south strips. The height difference is 5 to 15 meters, covering an area of 66.5 square kilometers, accounting for 7.6% of the county's area. It is mainly distributed in Pengdian, Mafang, Bailiang, and other towns. The central area of the county has undulating terrain, mainly gentle flatlands and flatlands. . The gentle flatland is a relatively high terrain formed by the alluvial rivers, mostly in the shape of a strip of northwest and southeast, with a relative height difference of 3 to 8 meters, a top width of 1 km to 7 km, and a slight slope from the top to both sides. The flat land is a gentle flat area with river alluvium, and the relative height difference is not large. Banded lands and sporadic ganges are distributed in different directions and divided into some closed or semi-closed local depressions. It covers an area of 448.9 square kilometers, accounting for 51.7% of the county's area, and is mainly distributed in Pengdian, Mafang, Anling, Bailiang, Chenhuadian, Maran, Malaysia, Zele, Zhangqiao and other towns.
The southeast and middle south of Fuling County are gentle slope depressions, and the above-ground and underground runoff drainage is difficult, covering an area of 316.2 square kilometers, accounting for 36.3% of the county's area, mainly distributed in towns such as Gele, Wangtian, Nanwu, and Taocheng.
In Lingling County, there are Longxinggang, Yicungang, Dashenggang, Banzhanggang, Yanghegang, Fenghuanggang, Xiaozigang, Qugang, Jiangang, Lelinggang, Pengzugang, Zuojiagang, Wenjiagang, Taipinggang. , Three posts, chase posts, wild posts, river posts, etc. Some of the Ganglings have lost their veins or become isolated mounds due to yellow water silting and mass excavation.
There are more than 20 rivers in Fuling County, including Shuangyu River, Kanggou River, Qingliu River, Erdao River, and Dalanggou. The rivers are mostly seasonal rivers, all of which belong to the Huaihe River Basin and the Shaying River system.
Shuangyu River: Shuangyu River originates from Zhaigou, Xinmi City, flows through Xinmi City, Xinzheng City, Changge City, and Weishi County, enters the west of Fanjia Village, Fuling County, and flows through Lijia, Gucheng, Pengdian, Suncun, Zhujia, and Dulizhuang in Fugou County enter the Jialu River, with a total length of 179 kilometers, a drainage area of 1693 square kilometers, a territory of 14.8 kilometers, and a drainage area of 21 square kilometers.
Qingliu River: It is a branch of the left bank of the Luan River. It originates from the west of Tungou in the county and is the downstream section. After the yellow pan, all below the Red Flag Bridge was blocked. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, it has been rectified several times. The river flowing through Tungou, Guanzhuang, Zhouqiao to Liwan, Xihua County, and into the Luan River. The territory is 13.1 kilometers long and the dam is 26 kilometers long. The rivers that have successively entered include Wenhe, Dalanggou, Wudigou, Erdaohe. , Yudai River, a ditch and a river old road, flood silt, Malan Xingou, Miluo River and other 12 river channels, the lower reaches are susceptible to the top of the Jing River, floods are more frequent.
Kanggou River: Kanggou River originates from Zhongmu County, passes through Weishi County, enters north of Daigang Village, Fuling County, flows through Sunzhuang, Guanzhuang, Liuzhuang, Liyuan, Yinpo, Honggou and enters the Jialu River. It is 53.8 kilometers long, with a basin area of 595.3 square kilometers, a territory of 7.5 kilometers long, and a basin area of 21.6 square kilometers. The river has a high terrain in Fuling, with loose soil, large sand content, river bed siltation, sharp turns at the entry and exit points, and during the flood season The flood peak is high, the momentum is fierce, and the dyke body is thin. It is the main flood prevention channel of Fuling County in the past.
Jialu River: The Jialu River originates from the mountainous area of Xinmi City, with a total length of 246 kilometers and a drainage area of 5896 square kilometers. It was entered by Wang Tiedong of Pengdian Township, exited through Fanzhuang and Youfang East, and passed through Fuling 3 kilometers. The drainage area is only 7.6 square meters. Kilometers.
Wenhe: Wenhe originates from Daliushu Wang Village, Dongcun Township, Changge City, and belongs to the Shaying River system. It flows through Dalanggou in Bailiang Town and Anling Town. The river has a total length of 37.65 kilometers, a basin area of 251 square kilometers, a length of 12.2 kilometers in the county, and an area of 80 square kilometers.
Erdaohe: Erdaohe originated in the southeast of Changge City, and merged into Qingliu River through Chenhuadian Town and Dama Township in the county. It has a total length of 23.5 kilometers, a drainage area of 66.4 square kilometers, a territory of 12.75 kilometers, and a drainage area of 27 Square kilometers.
Sandaohe: Sandaohe originated from Chen Caobei, Xuchang County, and merged into Erdaohe in Dama Township through Chenhuadian Town in Fuling County. The total length is 29.5 kilometers, the basin area is 66.4 square kilometers, the territory is 12.7 kilometers long, and the basin area is 27 square kilometers.
Yudaihe River: It is located 20 kilometers southwest of the county seat and flows to the northwest and southeast. The two sources are from the northwest of Qiaozhuang in Chenhuadian Town and the northwest of Cuizhuang in Zele Township. . The river has a total length of 15.3 kilometers and a drainage area of 39.8 square kilometers.
Edit this section natural resources
Collapsed Land Resources
Fuling County is mainly a plain area formed by the flooding of the ancient Yellow River and the alluvial formation of the Shuangyu River. The territory is covered by the loose sediments of the Quaternary system, which forms the basis of modern soil parent materials. The county has 996,000 mu of arable land, accounting for 76.4% of the total land area, and per capita arable land is 1.62 acres. There are 769,000 mu of irrigated land in the cultivated land, accounting for 77.3% of the cultivated land area; 223,000 mu of dry land, accounting for 22.4% of the cultivated land area; 26706 mu of vegetable land, 0.3% of the cultivated land area.
The county's surface is covered by Quaternary strata, and the underlying strata are distributed from the Proterozoic to the Cenozoic. Among them, the Carboniferous and Permian of the Paleozoic are particularly widespread, and the Tertiary of the Cenozoic is spread throughout the region, with a considerable thickness. . Based on this geological characteristic, some sedimentary minerals, especially coal, bauxite, refractory clay, limestone, as well as petroleum, salt, alkali, etc., have mineralization conditions and prospects. No important deposits have been found.
Liling County is located in the Central Plains, with a mild climate and suitable for the growth of many plants. It is a typical agricultural county. Natural vegetation is dominated by halophytes and sand plants, followed by meadow vegetation. Artificial vegetation is dominated by three crops of wheat and cereals in two years, followed by two crops of wheat and corn in one year. There is a large area of woody and herbaceous intercropping vegetation in the territory. Fuling County is the largest flower and seedling production base in the north, and most of them are deciduous broad-leaved forest trees. The characteristics of summer green are more prominent.
The fauna of the territory is of arid plain type. In terms of zoogeographical division, it belongs to the transition zone between North China in the ancient North boundary and Central China in the Eastern Ocean boundary, and the species of animals in the north and south are distributed. The domestic animals include spine, arthropod, soft body, link, linear, flat, coelenterate, native and other species. Vertebrate species include mammals, birds, crawls, and fish. Arthropods include insects, crustaceans, spiders, and more.
The surface water of Fuling County has averaged (into) 257.57 million cubic meters of surface water for many years, which is three times the annual average of 83.59 million cubic meters of surface water produced. Rivers are mostly restricted by the upstream, which has great development difficulties, poor storage capacity, and low utilization. The development and utilization of surface water are mainly river lock storage and electromechanical irrigation stations.
The ground surface of the groundwater is loose, the precipitation is easy to infiltrate, the stratum has good water storage conditions, and the recharge period is short, which is easy to enrich and form groundwater. The shallow water is buried at a depth of 30 to 50 meters from the bottom of the aquifer. It can directly receive the recharge of atmospheric precipitation. Its distribution is mainly controlled by sedimentary rocks and geomorphological conditions. The area around Taocheng is the mainstream of the Yellow River. The main groundwater recharge is rainfall infiltration. In addition, it is the supply of various water bodies. The recharge of groundwater in the middle and deep layers is difficult. Actually, it is expendable mining. The annual average shallow groundwater resources are 114 million cubic meters, which is 1.6 times the surface water resources of 71 million cubic meters. 98.1% of the shallow groundwater in the water quality meets drinking and irrigation standards, and the mineralization is below 2 g / l.
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